Why Sony is Set to Take Over the Cinema World

Here’s an interesting editorial by Noam Kroll.

Since their release of the initial 5D MK II and continuing on until just a couple of years ago, Canon had the strongest foothold in the low-budget market. In 2011/2012, just about everyone I knew owned a 5D, and many of those shooters eventually moved on to Canon’s cinema lineup (namely the C100 and C300). Once Canon’s development and innovation started to plateau though, lots of shooters started looking for other solutions. Many went to smaller companies like Blackmagic/RED, others turned to Panasonic (in particular the GH4), and some have simply been hanging on to their Canon gear, waiting for something else to come along. For those that are in the latter category – it’s looking like Sony may be offering the exact tools that they have been waiting for.

My rationale behind that is pretty simple – Sony is covering every last corner of the camera market, and doing an exceptional job at it. They now have one of the best DSLRs (or DSLMs) out there – the A7s, the incredibly powerful and affordable FS7, numerous broadcast cameras, and their cinema lineup (F5/F55), just to name a few key highlights. The fact that they are not only covering the needs of such a wide spectrum of filmmakers, but also pushing ahead technology (by offering unmatched lowlight performance, high frame rates and more) is simply staggering.

Read the rest here. Post by Eric C. Petrie

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The Future of DSLRs Might Not Be Good

Seven years ago no one could have predicted how the camera landscape would have shaped itself. On the consumer masses end of the scale the most popular camera in the world istn’ a camera at all, its a phone. The push for higher and higher image quality has taken a backseat to mobile sharing and speed of access. The “good enough” point for many consumers seems to have been reached in terms of technical specifications. On the opposite end of the scale full feature films are shot on DSLR cameras. The digital cinema revolution was inching along slowly year by year until a camera called the 5DmkII made it possible for any one to have a digital cinema camera at any price point. Companies like Panasonic and Sony don’t even sell many sub-$5k camcorders any more because if you’re in that price range you probably will just use a DSLR.

But whats next? What does all of this mean for the future? And does any of this give us enough information to predict what the camera landscape will look like in 5 years? One man thinks so and in his strongly opinionated editorial he doesn’t think the future looks very bright for DSLR cameras. Read the full article now. Post by Eric C. Petrie

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Art of Visual Storytelling Tour Seattle

After making the three hour haul north I attended the Alex Buono Art of Visual Storytelling tour. I was lucky, this was my second showing in four days. This time i was determined to pick up more the of the presentation and workshop. Professional Video and Canon stood arm in arm inside the presentation haul, which was a nice change of pace from the Portland show where sponsors had to be outside due to space. I also got to speak length with the team from Freefly (better known these days at Movi). They are based in Seattle and had a whole presentation of their own.

Getting a chance to take in the whole show was great. The people who put the show on must have said to themselves “How do we condense film school into 12 hours? If we were able to do so what kinds of informaiton would be key for people to know”. The day started off with a short bio of who Alex is and why he might be worth listening to. After the introduction we went into a conversation about basic technology terms that we would need to know as a knowledge foundation. This included talking about what resolution is, what color sampling is, what compression is, what a picture profile is, and looking at real world examples of how these technologies affect us as content creators. We then transitioned into the lighting workshop. We spent a few hours working on different kinds of lighting situations and learning different ways to tackle them. After the lighting workshop we transitioned back into a technology driven conversation. We talked about 4K, RAW video, different types of compression, different methods of acquiring footage. This was an in-depth conversation that included pre, production, and post considerations. We went over in-depth scenarios for post production workflow based on how you decide to acquire. Then the Movi workshop took place. Those guys took the stage for a while and we talked about the current state of camera movement technology. After that there was a DSLR specific workshop. Talking about how, when, and why a DSLR is the right choice. Of course the pros and cons of such choices were gone over. There was also a semi technical conversation about how to mitigate some of the DSLR limitations. After that was a strict cinematography conversation. Very in-depth. Starting with what elements go into creating a picture with a camera, shutter speed, aperture, lens focal length, image plane size, ISO, depth of field, perspective, and more. Alex spoke of why each of these elements must be considered and what impact the will have on your finished product. The night concluded with some good old fashioned film analysis. We took a look at the works of Wells, Kubrick, Wes Anderson, PT Anderson, Fincher, Tarantino, and more. We analyzed space, shapes, perspective, depth and more. It was a film geeks dream. Check out photos here. Post by Eric C. Petrie

 

What the Heck is the Difference Between 4K, RAW, and Uncompressed

In the video industry there are a lot of buzz words. These days no two words are bigger the raw and fourkay, or more commonly RAW and 4K. Another word that garnishes a lot of attention is uncompressed. I can’t begin to tell you how many conversations I’ve had with customers, smart people that have been in the industry for a long time, where the customer inevitably says something like “will this camera record uncompressed 4K RAW?”. Or how ’bout the “I shot my project in RAW ProRes.” Lets go beyond the buzzwords and gain some understanding together.

The first and most important piece of information that must be understood is that these are three seperate terms that have absolutly nothing to do with each other. Commonly they go hand in hand and are often seen with each other. This leads to the perception that they are linked. In fact you can have each of these term completely on its own. You can have RAW video that is nether 4K nor uncompressed. You can have uncompressed video that insnt RAW. You can have 4K video that is compressed.

Alright, now that we’ve got that important little bit out of the way lets talk about what each of these things mean. Lets start with the easiest, 4K. 4K is just a resolution. How many pixels high by how many pixels wide is the image. With standard def we had 640×480 and 720×480. With HD we have 1280×720 and 1920×1080. There is 2K, which is 2048×1080. Finally there is 4K. With SD there was a recording resolution and a display resolution. Most DV cameras recorded 720×480 even though SD displays were 640×480. That mostly went a way with HD, we shot 1920×1080 for delivery in 1920×1080. Then 2k came along and we shoot 2048×1080 for delivery in 1920×1080. Now with 4K there is also an acquisition resolution of 4096×2160 and the display resolution of 3840×2160. The consumer term for the display resolution is UltraHD. UltraHD is 4K for monitors. Most 4K cameras give you the option to shoot in ether 4096×2160 or 3840×2160. Thats what 4K means. 4K is exactly 4x the resolution of 2K. That means the files are exactly twice as big.

Now lets talk about the other super hot buzzword, RAW. First of all, even though i’ve been typing it RAW its actually raw. I’m only typing it that way because most of the world has began to recognize it being displayed that way. We can thank RED camera for that originally but now Sony and Canon and everyone else writes it that way. It’s not an acronym. It doesn’t stand for anything. Still photograhpers have been working in RAW for the last decade. Its become so commonplace in photography and computers have become powerful enough that most people who shoot with a DSLR, pro or amature, are shooting RAW. If you’ve ever edited a RAW photo compared to a JPEG you know why. Its amazing how working with the raw camera data gives you virtually unlimited ability to tweak the image with out degradation. Lets talk about what RAW is and then a little bit about why you would ever want RAW video. Imaging sensors are analog. They run on light. Then subprocess in the sensor converts the analog light information into digital ones and zeroes. This is part of the reason all sensor are not created equal. After the sensor creates the ones and zeroes what do you have? Nothing. You still don’t have an image. Think about the relationship between your eye and your brain. Your eye doesn’t “see” and image, its a sophisticated light hole. Your brain “sees” the image. If you’re brain puts the light together wrong then things like dyslexia can occur. Similarly when the binary comes off the sensor its not a picture, its binary. When we shoot RAW, still or video, we take that raw binary and we capture it to a memory card. Then we use a piece of software on our computers to reassemble the bianary into an image. The benifits of this is that nothing is locked in. There is no white balance, there is no noise cancelation, there is no black point or white point, there is no color tone, there is no sharpness or skin detail level. All of these permaters are assmbled by the software on the computer. Thats why you want good RAW processign software. The result is you have footage that is completly adjustable. A lot of RAW files feature 16-bit 4:4:4:4 color, thats right, four 4s. The post production applications are limitless.

So if RAW is so fantastic why wouldn’t i want it? Well it not the cost of the camera. Thank to Blackmagic we can get RAW cameras for $995. So why don’t i shoot everything video in RAW? First, those files are huge. RAW will cost you 1TB per hour. Thats a lot of flash memory cards, SSD, and RAIDS that you need in the field and in the edit lab just to store the footage. Do you remember when i said that non of the image peramiters were set in RAW files? Who do you think is going to set those? You could let a computer do it for you but that kinda defeats the purpose of captureing RAW. That means a human being has to color grad every single shot. I don’t mean color correct, i mean color grade. Multiple passes dialing in every setting of every shot. Thats a lot of man hours and takes skill. Lastly the computer needed to process all this is immense. I’ve tried to edit a single RAW frame on my 2012 dual-core MacBook and the whole computer came to a halt. So if you’ve got the time and money to quaduple your post production RAW might be the right solution for you. There is a reason a lot of Hollywood movies are shot in RAW but network TV show are usually not.

Lastly we have uncompressed. Uncompressed is a relativly simple term. That means that the zeroes and ones that the image sensor creates have been moved down the pipe to the image processors. At that point all the image peramiters are assigned, white balance, dynamic range, etc. But in the last step of being processed the data, which has now been made into a viewable image via the internal proccessor, is spit out of the SDI or HDMI port instead of compressed into a codec. Codecs throw out data in order to create a compressed image. Formats like ProRes and DNxHD are mastering level codecs that are virtually lossless. XDCam422, MXF, or AVC-Intra are codecs that are more compressed but still retain “broadcast” ready standards. H.264, AVCHD, XDCamHD, and HDV are formats that compress the video to a level where they look good as long as you don’t do much post processing or much more compression. Uncompressed video means the image parameters are already set but there is no compression scheme applied. Now you can have “compressed” RAW. This is a little tricky but cameras like the new Blackmagic Production 4K camera use Adobe CinemaDNG wrapping on the RAW data. This throws out some of those zeroes and ones we’ve been discussing. But the data doesn’t go through any kind of image processing so its still doesn’t have set image parameters. You still have all the same flexibility as RAW, albeit with a few less zeroes and ones to play with.Well i hope that somebody finds this information useful. Post by Eric C. Petrie

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One Man’s Take on the State of Media

Filmmaker Vincent Laforet has published on editorial with his thoughts on the state of media in the wake of The Chicago Sun-Times letting go of their entire photographer staff.  If you haven’t heard about this you need to read this article.  The Sun-Times laid-off all photographers and distributed iPhones to their reporter staff.  Read here.  By Eric C. Petrie